21 January, 2010

Flowing Gardens_Landscape Urbanism

Design by:
P L A S M A STUDIO _GROUNDLAB
Eva Castro, Holger Kehne, Alfredo Ramirez, Eduardo Rico


In collaboration with Dongyun Liu, LAUR Studio_Beijing

Design Team:
Eva Castro, Alfredo Ramirez, Eduardo Rico, Jorge Ayala, Hossein Kachabi
with Nadia Kloster, Steve De Micoli, Elisa Kim, Filipo Nassetti, Clara Oloriz, Rui Liu

Paths hierarchy

Monumental Plaza

Detail

Detail

Detail

Location: Xi'an, China
Site area: 39 Hectares
Completion year: 2011

05 January, 2010

Favelas: The Challenge of Slums

Distinctions among slums: they vary widely in size, age, and level of political and social organization; some are in the centres of cities while others spring up on the peripheries; and though most occupy hazardous lands, these might be steep slopes, flood plains, or toxic dumps…
Housing ranges from relatively consolidated to entirely provisional; some of it is hand-me-down, some is built specifically for the poor, and some is opportunistic like sidewalks or under bridges and shanties in landfills or cemeteries.

Mike Davis, "Planet of Slums", 2008











A billion people, primarily in the developing countries like Brazil live in circumstances that fit the classic definition of slums, circumstances characterized by overcrowding, substandard and/ or informal housing, inadequate access to clean water and sanitation, and insecure tenure.

Upwards of 90% of urban residents in some places live in slum conditions. The number of slum-dwellers is expected to double by 2030; slums are now the dominant form of urban land use in much of the developing world.
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Photos: Jorge Ayala

03 January, 2010